Treaty of Turkmenchay


From now on, there will be eternal peace, friendship and full harmony between all Russian emperors and the Shah of Iran, their heirs and heirs to the throne, their states and common citizens.

All the emperors of Russia and His Majesty the Shah of Iran respectfully acknowledge that the war between the High Contracting Parties, which has now ended happily, and the mutual obligations regarding the strength of the Treaty of Gulustan have come to an end; they considered it necessary to replace this Gulustan Treaty with current conditions and decisions, which should establish and confirm peaceful and friendly relations between Russia and Iran in the near and distant future.

His Majesty the Shah of Iran, on his own behalf and on behalf of his heirs and successors, transfers the Iravan Khanate and the Nakhchivan Khanate to the full ownership of the Russian Empire.  As a result of this concession, the Shah promised to transfer to the Russian presidency all archives and public documents related to the administration of the two khans, mentioned no later than six months after the signing of this agreement.

Article IV. 

With the consent of the High Contracting Parties, the boundaries between the two states are determined as follows: the boundary line passes along a straight line from the top of a small Ararat on the edge of Turkish lands to the top of these mountains; Hence it descends in the upper reaches of the Ashagi Garas river, which flows from south of Ararat, and then the line of the border continues along the river in front of the place where it falls into the Araz; Hence the fortress Abbasabad on the rule of the River Araz; Here, at external fortifications of the fortress on the right bank of Araz, half of the tree, that is, 3 1/2 Russian waves, will be surrounded from all sides, and the surrounding land will entirely belong to Russia and will be separated with the highest accuracy within two months. The boundary line passes from there, from the point where the chain is connected with the coast of Araz in the east, and again along the river of this river to the redistribution of the Assadbulag; Here, Iran's lands extend along the Araz River to three wood, that is, on the 21st rich version: the next border goes by the mukan plain to Bulgaria, with the merger of the two small rivers Adinabazar and Sarikamysh, to three trees, that is, on the Russian Russian willows below; boundary from here up to the left bank of the Bulgarchay; Until the merger of small rivers Adinabazar and Sarykamysh, and then in its high-rights on the right bank of the River East Atand, and the opposite of the Churcho Phase, from which all the water falling into the Caspian Sea will belong to Russia, and all the Iran's will belong to Iran. Here the boundary between the two states is determined by mountain peaks; It was decided that their landing on the Caspian Sea should belong to Russia, and the landing on the other side is Iran. The boundary passes from the top of the Chikoir's plate to the top of Gamarkuhum on the mountains separating the mascot from the Arsky circle. The top of the mountains, separating the stream into two parts, forms a border here, as mentioned above, in the area between the upper reaches of Adidazaz and the top of Chikoir. The border will pass from the top of the Gamarkuha to the boundaries of the Velgic Circle on a mountain range, which separates the circles of the Zuwan and ARSH, in accordance with the above-mentioned rules for the water flow.
Thus, the Jugian circle joins Russia, except for the site on the opposite side of the mountain peak. The boundary between the two countries will always be held in accordance with the above-mentioned routes of water movement, from the Velk circle to the northernmost source of the Astar River at the top of the Claput and the main ridge of the Velk circle, from where he flows into the Caspian Sea. The border that must separate their land from Iran, comes to an end.

Article V

His Majesty the Shah of Iran on behalf of his heirs and heirs to the Iranian throne, as proof of his sincere friendship with all Russian emperors, solemnly recognizes that all the lands located between Caspian sea and Caucasus mountain, nomads and other peoples living in countries forever belong to the Russian Empire.

His Majesty the Shah of Iran pledged to compensate the Russian Empire for the significant damage caused by the war between the two countries, as well as the victims and losses suffered by Russian citizens.  The two High Contracting Parties agreed on the amount of the award in the amount of ten thousand rupees or twenty million silver manats, the time, method of payment and provision of which were determined in a special agreement that could be included in this agreement.

Just as the Shah of Iran was happy to appoint his son His Highness Prince Abbas Mirza as his heir and heir to the throne, so the All-Russian Emperor, in order to clearly prove his friendship and his desire to help confirm this rule of inheritance, Iran undertakes to consider the heir and successor to the throne, and  after his accession to the throne, the legitimate ruler of this state.

Russian merchant ships still have the right to sail freely in and along the Caspian Sea and at the same time to approach them;  In the event of a shipwreck, they should be provided with all possible assistance in Iran.  Thus, Iranian merchant ships have the right to sail in the Caspian Sea, as before, and bypass the Russian shores, where they must provide mutual assistance in the event of a shipwreck.  As far as warships are concerned, as before, only warships flying the Russian flag can sail in the Caspian Sea;  For this reason, they are still granted the previous exclusive right and it is confirmed that no state other than Russia can have warships in the Caspian Sea.

All Russian emperors and His Majesty the King of Iran wished with all their might to establish peace and friendship, which were so happily restored between them.  they can reciprocate the respect of their agents, their rank, the honor of the High Contracting Parties, uniting their sincere friendship and local customs in accordance with local custom.  The ceremony will be determined in this context for the observance of one or another party by a special protocol.

Since All Russia and His Majesty the Shah of Iran considered the restoration and expansion of trade relations between the two countries to be one of the most beneficial consequences of peace, they ruled by mutual consent that all orders concerning trade and mutual security should be carried out happily.  and they shall explain it by a separate Act attached to it, which shall be regarded as an equally strong part of this peace treaty to be concluded by the Commissioners.  All Russian emperors, for their part, promise that the Shah of Iran will act accordingly towards his consuls or trading agents.  If the Iranian government has a well-founded complaint against a Russian agent or consul, the Russian minister (ambassador) or his chargé d'affaires at the royal palace or their immediate superior can, at their discretion, remove the culprit and suspend him from office.

Article XI

All the claims of the subjects and other issues suspended by the war will be restored mutually and justly resolved after the conclusion of peace. Contractual obligations of the subjects of the treasury of a particular government must be immediately and fully secured mutually.


The conciliatory parties came to an agreement by mutual consent in favor of the subjects: those of them who had real estate on both sides of the Araz should be given three years to freely sell and exchange it during this period. However, since all Russian emperors belonged to him, the former ruler of Irevan Hussein Khan, his brother Hasan Khan and the former ruler of Nakhchivan Karim Khan are excluded from this order of courtesy.


All captured prisoners of war from both sides taken prisoner in the last or previous war, as well as former prisoners of both governments, must be released and returned within four months; they must be provided with food and other necessities and sent to Abbasabad for transfer to the commissioners assigned from both sides to receive them and order them to be sent to their next place of residence. The High Contracting Parties will treat all prisoners of war equally, as well as citizens of Russia and Iran, who are taken prisoner by both sides, but cannot be returned within the specified period due to their remoteness or for another reason or situation. Both states give themselves a clear and unlimited right to demand such things at any time and undertake to reciprocate them when they are discovered or required.


None of the High Contracting Parties will demand the extradition of traitors and fugitives before the outbreak of the last war or at that time. The Iranian government is committed to preventing the reciprocal effects of prejudice between some of these refugees and their former compatriots or those in power from the Arazla Chara, Lake Urmia and Jakatu rivers. and the Golden Floating River, which flows into the Caspian Sea. For his side, His Majesty the All-Russian Emperor in no way promises that he will allow Iranian refugees to settle or live in the Karabakh and Nakhchivan khanates, as well as in a part of the Iravan Khanate on the right bank of the Araz River. However, it is clear that this applies only to people of official rank or a certain dignity: khans, beks and religious leaders or mullahs, who, by their personal example, advice and secret connections, can have a detrimental effect on their former compatriots under their rule or authority in the past. The act is and will be valid. In general, in the case of residents of both states, the High Contracting Parties agree that nationals of both sides who have transferred or will transfer from one state to another may settle and live where permitted by the government to which they transferred.


His Majesty the King, acting with a good, salvific intention, to restore peace in his country and remove from his subjects everything that could aggravate the troubles of the war, which so happily ended with this treaty, gives full and complete forgiveness to all the people and officials of Azerbaijan. Whatever rank they may belong to, none of them should be persecuted or insulted for their actions or during the war, or for their behavior during the temporary occupation of the region by the Russian army. In addition, he told officials and residents from today to move freely from the Iranian province to Russia with their families, without any obstacles from the government or local authorities, and without any customs duties or taxes on their goods or property. One year is given for the possession and sale of movable property. In the case of immovable property, a five-year period is set for its sale or alienation. However, this pardon does not apply to persons who committed a sin or an offense before the expiration of the one-year term.


Following the signature of this peace agreement, the Commissioners will promptly and without delay send each other notification and the necessary decree for the cessation of hostilities.
This peace treaty, drawn up in duplicate, signed by representatives of both sides, stamped with their official seals and exchanged among themselves, must be ratified and ratified by all Russian emperors and the Shah of Iran, and the ratification documents signed by them must be solemnly signed and   replaced by attorneys on both sides within four months or as soon as possible. It was closed on February 10, 1828 in the village of Turkmenchay, where Jesus was born.

Signed by Ivan Paskovich, A.Obrezkov.